Inside the sales barn it was hot, 97 degrees Fahrenheit. During the day the temperature inside the sale barn must have exceeded 100 degrees Fahrenheit, and outside close to 100 degrees Fahrenheit. Upon arrival investigators observed the cows in the outside slow pen, which were exposed to the heat and direct sunlight. These cows, primarily Holsteins, were exhibiting signs of heat stress, such as panting. Some animals with extremely large udders were laying down and foaming from the mouth. Several cows were extremely emaciated, with body scores of 1.5 to 1. There was no water, food or shelter provided to the animals.